Market forecasting is a challenging part of stock market analysis as market prediction has become the most complex task of an analyst. Market forecasting helps a trader to choose the type of security, the time of buy or sell a security and the amount that they should invest on that security.
The type of analysis used by the traders or market analysts falls into two major categories-
1. Fundamental Analysis
2. Technical Analysis
Both of the above methods rely on certain information that comes from various news sources, analytical data or investments charts.
Fundamental analysis involves careful study of company’s financial operations, economic condition, assets, debts, management, products and completion. Thus fundamental analysis is based on the study of financial and industry information of a company to predict the movement of the price of its stock. Fundamental analysis is usually helpful in long term investment and day traders do not rely much on it. However some believe that the simultaneous study of fundamentals and technical can result better for day trading.
Technical analysis is the method of evacuating securities by analyzing stock charts. It includes the analysis of market data, volume and open interest in order to predict the future trend of a stock. The analysts study the company’s past performance and study the charts to analyze if there are any patterns in the price of that security. Information about a stock’s price, volume and other important information can be displayed on a graphical chart. There are various software where study of such graph can be done very effectively and easily to study the patterns and trends. These patterns further used to determine when to buy or sell a security.